Nepal

    Around 70% of Nepal’s population live rurally and depend on subsistence agriculture for their livelihoods. Most of this population has little to healthcare, education, clean water and sanitation.

    Like much of South Asia, an archaic feudal system means that nearly three quarters of Nepal’s population own little or no land. For many of those who do have plots, they are often too small to provide the returns needed for their large families.

    As more of the younger generation flee the rural areas for the cities, Nepal’s slum population has grown to nearly 3 million. With few employment opportunities, the poverty in these areas is unsurprisingly acute.

    Muslims are estimated to constitute around 8% of the population. Many live across the country‘s southern plains or in the mountainous areas bordering India. Most are unskilled and work as landless labourers, and so must contend with poverty like much of rest of the country.